Calistrat M. Atudorei: AMERICA’S PLANS FOR WORLD HEGEMONY (26)

10:49, 6 februarie 2020 | Actual | 471 vizualizări | Nu există niciun comentariu Autor:

We are continuing to publish on our site the fragments from the book AMERICA’S PLANS FOR WORLD HEGEMONY, by Romanian author Calistrat M. Atudorei which was published in English version very recently by printing house ”ePublishers” in Bucharest.

Chapter 10/2. United States vs the Rest of the World 

US Alliance with Israel

The United States double standard relationship with other countries is illustrated very eloquently in comparison by the special relationship America has with Israel. It is a kind of “public secret” that Israel owns nuclear26, biological27, and chemical28 weapons. Israel violated United Nations resolutions, threatened and attacked neighboring countries; it is accused by UN of massive human rights violations, especially concerning Palestinians. Nevertheless, there is no debate in Washington regarding any weapon inspections in Israel, much less about an invasion of the country. We have to admit that US reaction to accusations of mass destruction weapons’ possession or severe human rights violations was completely different toward Israel’s neighbor countries such Iraq, Libya, Syria or Iran.

Let us see some concrete facts.

As provided for in an official document published in April 2018 by the American Congress Research and Information Service, Israel is the country that received the most consistent financial assistance from the US after World War II, that is, since Israel was founded. Since then, “the United States offered Israel 134.7 billion dollars” in the present value of dollars, especially in the form of military aid.

The document shows that for FY 2018, Trump administration offered to Israel $3.1 billion, and for FY 2019 the approved amount is $3.3 billion. We can also find out that, by the Congress decision, this money is deposited each year in a Federal Reserve Bank interest-bearing account: “once disbursed, Israel’s military aid is transferred to a US-bearing account with the US Federal Reserve Bank.”29

Interesting enough is that, in line with the CIA’s page, The World Fact Book30 regarding Current Account Balance,31 Israel is in position 22, with a deposit (surplus) of $10 billion (plus $10,390,000,000) in 2017, whereas the United States is in position 202, the last in the list, the most indebted (!!), with a deficit of $ 466 billion (minus $ 466,200,000,000) in 2017.

The United States has an increasing budget deficit and the largest national debt32 in the world. The debt has already exceeded 22.5 trillion dollars and is rising sharply! It is higher than what America produces in a whole year (20,494 trillion dollars in 201833).

A natural question would be this: Which is the reason why the state facing the largest budget deficit in the world is constantly offering to another state, since the latter’s establishment, colossal sums, since that receiving state is one of the richest, with an economy generating financial surplus? Keep in mind that Israel has relatively small population of only eight million people and does not face any kind of humanitarian crisis, as unfortunately happens in many other states.

And another pertinent question: How does the US manage finan­cially if its economy systematically operates at a loss? The answer is: by indebtedness! The US government borrows this money from the Federal Reserve private cartel.

Let us make a connection now. So, as shown above, Israel depo­sits, with interest, the money received from the US government to the Federal Reserve. Then, the US borrows from the Federal Reserve and offers money to Israel every year. In conclusion, from this whole circuit, the US comes out annually with a deficit of several billion dollars, and Israel receives those billions of dollars, plus interest! If you think that three billion dollars for the US economy do not matter much, remember how much they negotiated for the five billion required by Donald Trump from the Congress to build a wall at the Mexican border. Tension increased so much that Trump partially shut down the government for 35 days, the longest shutdown in US history.

For a more concrete representation of the amounts offered to Israel by America, I mention a famous study entitled “Israeli Lobby and US foreign Policy” by professors John Mearsheimer (from the University of Chicago) and Stephen Walt (from the University Harvard). The two showed that Israel receives over $3 billion in direct foreign assistance each year, which is roughly one-fifth of America’s entire foreign aid budget. In per capita terms, the United States gives each Israeli a direct subsidy worth about $500 per year. This largesse is especially striking when one realizes that Israel is now a wealthy industrial state with a per capita income roughly equal to South Korea or Spain.34

On the same topic, a US information site noted that “the current aid rate for Israel is $10.1 million a day, and for Palestine it is zero.”35 This difference, however, occurs when there is a wide range of UN resolutions and human rights organizations condemning Israel for repeated abuses against Palestinian population.

Thus, according to statistics published by Israeli organization UN.Watch36, by 2016:

The UN General Assembly adopted between 2012 and 2015 a number of 97 resolutions to criticize different Member States. Of these, 83 (or 86%) were to report abuses of the state of Israel.

The UN Human Rights Council issued, since 2006 (when this Council was set up) 135 resolutions criticizing the worst cases of flagrant abuses committed by member states. More than half of these (more precisely 68) found abuses committed by Israel.

World Health Organization has only once criticized a country: Israel, in May 2017, through the report “Health Conditions in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, and the Occupied Syrian Territory of Golan.”37

However, all UN initiatives to adopt sanctions against Israel were systematically blocked by the United States, which opposed through veto to these measures.

Regarding conditions imposed on civilians in Palestine, significant information comes from other reports too. For example, in 2014, Norwegian physician and professor Mads Gilbert, who worked in a Gaza hospital, sent a report to UN38 on the situation in that area. As claimed by the report, as a result of a test, 90% of Gaza Palestinians’ drinking water was declared as “unsuitable for human consumption.” In absence of any other possibility, Gaza residents use alternative water sources, most of them infested, as Israeli destroyed the main systems of drinking water tanks and pipelines. Another serious problem is that most residents cannot afford their daily caloric requirements. Palestinian children are in immense suffering, being affected by malnutrition caused by the blockade imposed by Israeli authorities. Anemia in children less than two years of age is over­whelming, reaching 72.8%. The health system faces serious defi­ciencies due to lack of essential equipment, insufficient medi­cation, personnel and funds.

Amnesty International published in February 2014 a report39 on grave human rights violations committed by Israeli authorities over Palestine in 2011–2013. Detailed information was presented on the use of chemical weapon attacks, killing of Palestinian children, peaceful demonstrators, journalists, physicians, or human rights acti­vists investigating Palestine, by Israeli soldiers.

In March 2017, Economic and Social Committee for Western Asia (ESCWA) put out a report stating that Israel imposes a regime of apartheid and racial discrimination on Palestinian people. The report—which was addressed to the United Nations, governments of several countries, civil society and other private organizations— concluded in textual terms that “Israel established an apartheid regime that dominates Palestinian people as a whole.”40

It is necessary to clarify in this context as well that the United Nations strongly condemns the fact that Israel occupied the eastern half of Jerusalem in 1967, and the United Nations does not agree that Jerusalem represents as a whole Israel’s capital. Jerusalem is a crucial religious, historical and cultural center, not only for the Jewish community but also for Christian and Arab communities. Still, in 1980 Israel adopted “Jerusalem Law,” stating that “Jerusalem, complete and united, is the capital of Israel.” In response to that Israeli decision, the UN Security Council adopted Resolution 478 in August 1980, stating that the law just promulgated by Israel flagrantly violates Geneva Convention and is therefore “null and void and must be rescinded forthwith.”41

This resolution was subsequently reiterated once and again by the United Nations. For example, on December 4, 2012, the General Assembly specified through Resolution no. 67/19 the status of Palestine within the UN. On that occasion it was reaffirmed that “the annexation of East Jerusalem is not recognized by the international community” and that is why they insisted on the need “for a way to be found through negotiations to resolve the status of Jerusalem as the capital of two States,”42 i.e. Israel and Palestine.

Despite these resolutions, on December 6, 2017 US adminis­tration decided to contradict the United Nations position on this issue and to declare Jerusalem as Israel’s only capital. Moreover, Donald Trump administration announced that within a few months US embassy would be moved to Jerusalem.

In an emergency session, UN members analyzed the situation and on December 21, 2017, UN General Assembly adopted a resolution with a large majority calling on US to withdraw its claim.

In a very large majority, the world’s countries opposed Washing­ton’s decision. Reuters, for example, announced that “Defying Trump, over 120 countries at UN condemn the decision on Jerusalem.”43

The weight of the moment is obvious from the fact that President Trump himself communicated before voting that he would carefully monitor the states that vote against his decision and they could face financial retaliation if they do not align with the US policy. Nevertheless, 128 states defied US threats, 35 abstained, and only seven states (other than US and Israel) supported US position. Even the United States’ traditional allies—such as the United Kingdom, France or Germany—were among the countries that voted against. On the same side as America and Israel, there are only seven states of relatively lesser importance in the world: Guatemala, Honduras, Togo, Micronesia, Nauru, Palau and Marshall Islands, which are known to be under net American domination.

It is clear that the relocation of Israel’s capital to Jerusalem remains a very delicate decision, which has profound implications for the peace of the entire Middle East. Above all, many ambassadors of UN states acted as offended by direct threats launched by US President Donald Trump and US Ambassador to UN, Nikki Haley. Some ambassadors indicated that it is the first time that a UN member affords to publicly and so undiplomatically threaten delegations of other states. Among others, the fact that Nikki Haley threatened she would “write down names” of those who vote against the US was considered totally inappropriate.

As the Romanian newspaper Adevărul44 reported, there were several voices in UN debates that argued that US should give up the role of peace mediator between Israel and Palestine as they do it favoring Israel. In response, Ambassador Nikki Haley replied that the United States does not need “speeches” and “lessons” at UN.

Despite the general opposition of the world’s states to the White House’s decision to accept Jerusalem as capital of Israel, on May 14, 2018, the new US embassy in Israel was inaugurated in Jerusalem. As sign of disapproval, tens of thousands of Palestinians protested in the area of security (the so-called “border”) between Israel and Gaza Strip. The reaction of Israeli authorities was to use lethal force. Nearly 60 Palestinians were killed and almost 2,400 injured, of which 1,350 by shooting. Israeli authorities motivated their reaction by the fact that Palestinians would have forced the border fence through terrorist attacks.

Let us note that the idea of border between Israel and Palestine is very relative. Since the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948, it continuously expanded, often through use of violence, over the territory that previously belonged to Palestine. That is why the phrase “occupied Palestinian territories” is officially used. Israel claims these territories based on biblical records, described—for example—by TheIsraelBible45 site. Palestinians had been protesting uninter­ruptedly for 70 years, and since March 30, 2018, new massive demonstrations were organized.

Regarding the reaction of Israeli authorities to these new protests, data of centralized statistics by International Federation for Human Rights (IFHR) are edifying. IFHR report states that from March 30 to May 17, 2018, the Israeli army “killed 111 Palestinians who participated in protests, including 12 children, two journalists and four people with disabilities.” In addition “about 7,000 people were injured, of whom 1,244 children, 253 women, 42 paramedics and 60 journalists.”46 Following killings of May 14, 2018, IFHR released that 95 civil society organizations urged UN Human Rights Council to urgently launch a Committee to investigate violence against protesters in Palestine.

The position of UN Committee on Human Rights was expressed on May 15, 2018 by High Commissioner Rupert Colville, who said, among other things:

We condemn the appalling deadly violence in Gaza yesterday during which 58 Palestinians were killed and almost 1360 demonstrators were injured with live ammunition fired by the Israeli security forces. (…) The rules on the use of force under international law have been repeated many times that appear to have been ignored again and again. It seems anyone is liable to be shot dead or injured: women, children, press personnel, first responders, bystanders, and at almost any point up to 700 meters from the fence. (…) An attempt to approach or crossing or damaging the Greenline of the fence do not amount to a threat to life or serious injury and are not sufficient grounds for the use of live ammunition. (…) We’re extremely worried about what may happen later today. We urge maximum restraint. Enough is enough.47

Also in response to these tragic events, officials from many countries and representatives of human rights organizations condemned these aggressions with determination. Amnesty International characterized Israel’s actions as “war crimes,” and Turkey called them “state terrorism.” Among the countries that expressed their indignation were France, Britain, Germany, Belgium, Switzerland, Canada, Russian Federation, Turkey, Iran, South Africa, Kuwait or Arab League countries.

On June 13, 2018, UN General Assembly adopted a resolution in an emergency session “deploring the use of excessive, dispropor­tionate and indiscriminate force by Israeli forces against Palestinian civilians in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem.” The Assembly requested that “Israel refrain from such actions and fully abide by its legal obligations under the Fourth Geneva Convention relating to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, of 12 August 1949.”48 At the same time, UN recommen­ded foundation of an “international protection mechanism”49 for occupied Palestinian territories. The systematic explanation by Israel and US that Palestinians’ protests would represent in fact instigation from Hamas terrorist organization was not considered valid.

The UN’s critical resolution on Israel was adopted again with overwhelming number of votes. Thus, out of the participating states, 120 were in favor of the resolution and only eight states were against (Israel, USA, Australia, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Solomon Islands, Togo and Nauru). As usual, the Resolution nevertheless did not have any sanctioning effect on Israel because of the veto expressed by USA within the Security Council of the United Nations.

A somehow similar situation occurred in March 2019 when the United States-Israel alliance again defied all the states of the world by declaring the territory called the “Golan Heights” as shifting from Syria’s authority to that of Israel. On March 25, US President Donald Trump signed a proclamation stating that on behalf of the US he admitted Israeli sovereignty over Golan Heights. The annexation of this territory is another flagrant violation of international law as well as of UN resolutions. Golan Heights was occupied by the Israeli army in 1967 and had since then an equivocal status, remaining perma­nently under UN’s monitoring as an “occupied territory.” The UN issued several resolutions condemning Israel’s aggression, but no action could be taken because the United States systematically blocked vetoing any decision against Israel in the Security Council vote. The most important UN resolutions in this regard were Resolution 242 (from 1967) and Resolution 497 (from 1981).

Here is the first paragraph of Resolution 497:

The Security Council, (…) Reaffirming that the acquisition of territory by force is inadmissible, in accordance with the United Nations Charter, the principles of international law, and relevant Security Council resolutions, Decides that Israeli decision to impose its laws, jurisdiction and administration in the occupied Syrian Golan Heights is null and void and without international legal effect.50

In the emergency hearing51 of 25 March 2019 of the 15 members of the Security Council, UN Secretary General AntónioGuterres reiterated that compared to previous resolutions “the status of Golan has not changed.” Of the 15 members of the Security Council, 14 condemned the acknowledgement of Golan Heights annexation. The vote against came from the United States representative, who, by his veto right, blocked any mediation of the situation by diplomatic means.

(To be continued)