We are continuing to publish on our site the fragments from the book AMERICA’S PLANS FOR WORLD HEGEMONY, by Romanian author Calistrat M. Atudorei which was published in English version very recently by printing house ”ePublishers” in Bucharest.
Chapter 10/4. United States vs the Rest of the World
Democracy in the United States
Seen by a large majority of political, academic and journalism representatives as a model for all the globe’s societies, American democracy became a sort of standard of the civilized world. US leaders consistently have affirmed over the last 50 years that the democracy they promote is worth (or even should) to be implemented in any state and especially where America decides to restore “freedom” and “human rights” through so-called “humanitarian interventions.”
But how is democracy in Americans’ home?
An important social study conducted by Princeton University in the United States investigated a series of “Testing Theories of American Politics: Elites, Interest groups, and Average Citizens.” Results show that decisions of US leadership no longer have a democratic character even in their own country. Rather—says the study—the United States is dominated by an elitist group of rich and powerful individuals, forming a genuine oligarchy. According to the wording available on Cambridge University page:
Multivariate analysis indicates that economic elites and organized groups representing business interests have substantial independent impacts on U.S. government policy, while average citizens and mass-based interest groups have little or no independent influence. The results provide substantial support for theories of Economic-Elite Domination and for theories of Biased Pluralism, but not for theories of Majoritarian Electoral Democracy or Majoritarian Pluralism.78
In other words, as BBC’s most popular website explains, “US is an oligarchy, not a democracy.” The BBC synthesis on the study is short and to the point: “The wealthy few move policy, while the average American has little power.”79
We can have an even more accurate view of reality if we think that in line with the data released in November 2017 by CNN Money Channel, now “America’s wealth gap is bigger than ever.”80 The richest 10% of the Americans hold almost 80% of the nation’s wealth, and even among them, wealth is much more concentrated in the hands of less than 1%.
The problem is that those who have power do not always use it just right or legally. One example is that after the “war on terror” was declared, among the ones suspected of terrorism, there were more and more citizens of the United States. Under these circumstances, Bush administration claimed and exercised the measure to send suspects in prison without any explicit accusation and without allowing them the right to hire a lawyer. By the new laws, detention of suspects may be maintained until the government considers the issue as fully clarified, which could mean an undetermined term. US tribunals justified this position stating that “in wartime the president may keep in detention indefinitely a US citizen captured as enemy combatant on battlefield and to prohibit that person access to a lawyer.”81
These extensive measures of control and limitation of population’s freedom were implemented in October 2001, by virtue of Patriot Act law passed by US Congress under the impact of September 11, 2001 events. Despite its aspect of patriotic rescue law, Patriot Act deprived in reality the Americans of a number of civil liberties, legalizing instead mass surveillance. Judicial authorities were granted permission to retain immigrants for indefinite period of imprisonment or permission to search a house or firm without the consent or knowledge of the owner or the occupant. They also allowed the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) to intercept phone calls, e-mails and financial records without court order. Following numerous complaints against violation of federal laws and US Constitution (especially Amendments 1 and 4), Patriot Act was amended several times.
The magnitude of US secret services’ surveillance not only on its own population, but at the world level, partly became publicly known by sensational revelations made by Edward Snowden in 2013. Snowden was system engineer in NSA, senior CIA adviser and, among other activities; he worked for a while under diplomatic cover at UN in Geneva. After finding out the chronic abuse exercised through the mass surveillance system on the population, he considered that the only solution to remedy something was to make everything public. As a result, he uncovered a huge number of NSA secret documents that demonstrate that the information gathered by NSA far exceeds legal terms. Snowden’s action is widely considered the largest disclosure of top-secret documents in history.
His first disclosures were published by the British newspaper The Guardian in June 2013 and demonstrated on the basis of documents that “The National Security Agency is currently collecting the telephone records of millions of US customers.”82 The article presented a photocopy of a secret court order that approved FBI’s request to compel a major American telephone company (Verizon) to produce “ongoing daily basis” to NSA information on all “telephony metadata (…) between the United States and abroad” and “wholly within the United States, including local telephone calls.”83
The Guardian also presented a few weeks later the documents of an ultra-secret program called Dropmire, whereby “US spies its allies in EU,” being specifically indicated along with EU delegations and the Council of the European Union, embassies of countries like France, Italy, Greece, Turkey, Japan, Mexico, South Korea, Middle East countries or other “traditional ideological opponents.”84 Through this program all NATO partners are also targeted.
According to Snowden’s revealed information, US secret services installed malware programs in many countries that can damage, anytime they order, electrical networks, dams, hospitals, etc. There is a close watch on the majority of world leaders and big magnates. This implies processing all data concerning targets, from surveillance cameras to phone records, internet access, diplomatic notes or sexual scandals. Snowden explained that metadata of a single target, once tracked, means tracking all of that person’s contacts, and then each of those contacts will be followed in their turn with all the contacts they have, and so on in several multiplications, which ultimately leads to world-wide pursuit.
SAURON citizen tracking program through a network of satellites covers the whole planet and can provide crystal clear images even of objects one centimeter in size. Details of this surveillance system were provided by Chronicle website in the article Snowden Reveals the NSA program of SAURON satellites tracking citizens85.
Snowden also made public key data on many other mass surveillance programs, including “PRISM,” “Boundless Informant” or “Xkeyscore.” PRISM, for example, is a global surveillance system for phone calls, text messaging, email, instant messaging (video, text, audio), contact details, passwords, internet access history, site activities etc. PRISM makes the connection directly to central servers of major Internet service distribution platforms.
Snowden’s disclosures of mass surveillance systems have shaken governments, intelligence agencies and major Internet companies. Following public pressures created, the US administration had to disclose some of the tracking programs. A revealing example is represented by declassifications made by Internal Supervisory Directorate, which acknowledged on its website, inter alia, that
We’ve turned our nation’s Internet and telecommunications companies into collection partners by installing filters in their facilities, serving them with secret court orders, building back doors into their software and acquiring keys to break their encryption.86
Amazing written statement from a US government website, isn’t it? But it can be said even more:
Our partners at the FBI DITU (Data Intercept Technology Unit) extract information from the servers of nine major American internet companies: Microsoft, Yahoo, Google, Facebook, PalTalk, AOL, Skype, YouTube, and Apple. This important partnership gives us direct access to audio, video, photographs, e-mails, documents and connection logs for each of this systems.87
It cannot be clearer than that! And we must consider that information is first hand.
For public opinion Snowden became a hero. A documentary, Citizenfour, which received the Oscar Award, was made about his revelations and their importance. A more romantic version came out as artistic film at Hollywood, entitled Snowden and directed by the famous Oliver Stone.
For the United States administration, Edward Snowden remains an outcast. On June 14, 2013, federal prosecutors accused him of espionage, high treason, theft of government property, and deliberate communication of state secrets to an unauthorized person (Glenn Greenwald, journalist at The Guardian). But the European Parliament had a completely new perspective: in October 2015 it issued a resolution based on information provided by Snowden.
The press release on that resolution concluded that “following disclosures on mass-electronic surveillance, little was done to secure citizens.” Members of Parliament urged the European Committee to ensure that all data transfers to US are subject to “effective level of protection” and asked EU Member States to support Edward Snowden as “human rights defender.”88
At present, Snowden is on Russian Federation territory, the country which granted him political asylum. From there, he sends messages, gives interviews, and takes part in videoconferencing. As far as the purpose for which all this surveillance system is implemented, his opinion is that it is not about terrorism. Terrorism is just an excuse, a pretext. The real reason is economic and social control at global level, to ensure both US supremacy, but also total control of the population.
Snowden says the US government is always trying to scare people for various reasons so as to willingly sacrifice their basic rights and freedoms. In an interview on June 4, 2018, Snowden admitted that the mass surveillance continues to exist and “people have no power to stop it” but the important difference compared to 2013 is that “Now we know. People are now aware.”89
Another thing worth considering is that in order for the internal situation to be kept very strictly under control, US became the country with the biggest number of prisoners in the world. Even in China, which has a population of about 1.4 billion people (about 20% of the world’s population) and where a very authoritarian communist regime rules, there are not so many people in prisons. In America, country with a population of 325 million (4.5% of the world’s population), 2.3 million people are imprisoned, which, as reported by CNN, means “nearly a quarter of the world’s inmates.”90 Additionally, according to data published in April 2018 by the office for Judicial Statistics91 of the United States; there are also 4.5 million Americans under judicial supervision (conditionally released). This vast US detention system has been associated to an entire nation sometimes called the “Prison Nation”92.
Is this, therefore, the US view of the democracy it glorifies in its speeches and which it wants to impose on the whole world, based on the role of “world gendarme” it assumed?
(To be continued)