We are continuing to publish on our site the fragments from the book AMERICA’S PLANS
FOR WORLD HEGEMONY, by Romanian author Calistrat M. Atudorei which was published in English version very recently by printing house ”ePublishers” in Bucharest.
Chapter 5/4. NATO Secret Armies in Europe
Aldo Moro’s Assassination
The assassination of the Italian Prime Minister Aldo Moro, in May 1978, is probably the best-known terrorist attack carried out by the Gladio network. Despite numerous parliamentary investigations, the case has not been conclusively elucidated to this day, as investigation tracks got stuck in areas almost inaccessible.
The political context was that the Communist Party reached a very ascendant trend at that time. At national elections in June 1976, the Italian Communist Party (PCI) obtained 34%, the best result since its inception. Being led by a right-wing government, Italy was affected by fierce internal turmoil caused by the conflict between the two social-political movements.
On the morning of March 16, 1978—as he was heading for the Parliament to inaugurate a coalition government to make a “historic compromise” between the two forces—Aldo Moro was kidnapped by members of a terrorist group. Both his car and the escort car were trapped in a junction, and all his five bodyguards were killed in seconds. After kidnapping, Moro was seized for 55 days, then killed on May 9, 1978, shot by 11 bullets. His body was found abandoned in the trunk of a car parked in the center of Rome.
The (yet) official version claims that Aldo Moro would have been killed by the communist Red Brigades, who actually assumed the murder. But this explanation does not make sense, first of all because Moro was the most important actor who argued that the Communist Party should be included in the government, too. Aldo Moro’s influence was decisive because, besides being the leader of the government, he was also president of the right-wing party, the Christian Democrat Party.
There are many other dissonant aspects in the explanation involving the Red Brigades. Their leaders assumed too easily and ostentatiously the assassination: the photograph with Aldo Moro captured, having a brigadier flag in the background, was widely publicized. Someone very influential clearly had an interest in imposing this version on public opinion. In addition, the attack was carried out in a very accurate and efficient manner, specific to someone extremely well trained and equipped. Many analysts56 said that communist rangers did not have these combat skills at all.
Within the processes that followed, some interesting accounts remain remarkable. Two of the original leaders of the Red Brigades (the founders of the group), Renato Curcio and Alberto Franceschini, were imprisoned for the so-called involvement in Moro’s assassination. In their defense, they declared that the new leaders of the group, Mario Moretti and Giovanni Senzani, were actually “spies working for the Italian secret services” who infiltrated the Red Brigades and that Moretti and Senzani were actually the “masterminds behind the kidnapping and murder of the former prime minister Aldo Moro.” Curcio and Franceschini also stated that “the Italian and United States secret services used the Red Brigades to block Moro’s attempt to bring the Communist Party into a government of national unity.”57 There is also evidence that “both Moretti and Senzani were spies not only of Italian secret services, but also of the US’ [CIA].”58
Shortly after Aldo Moro’s assassinate, a well-known Italian journalist, Mino Pecorelli, expressed his opinion in an article published in May 1978 that Moro’s assassination was committed by a “lucid superpower” linked to Gladio group, and the assassinate reflects “Yalta’s logic.” In other words, since Italy was in the American sphere of influence, communists could not be admitted to the government. The Italian journalist also revealed that General Dalla Chiesa himself—the official who pretended to “look for” Moro at the time he was seized—knew exactly where the Prime Minister actually was. Moreover, according to Pecorelli’s exposures, Chiesa informed Interior minister Francesco Cossiga as well about the location, but in reality they did not want Moro’s salvation because they were part of the network that set everything up. A year later, Pecorelli was shot dead in Rome. The journalist was about to publish a book with many other revelations about Aldo Moro’s assassination and the organization that carried it out. After other four years, DallaChiesa was assassinated too, while writing (with a disturbing abundance of details) his memories.
The editorial staff of the Executive Intelligence Review (EIR), specialized in counter-information studies, published in its September 1982 issue an article entitled Reopening the Kissinger file. Charges against Kissinger for Aldo Moro’s murder. EIR highlighted an official investigation that was carried out in Italy, which led to the conclusion that Henry Kissinger (US Secretary of State between 1973 and 1977) would have been involved for a decade in “destroying Italy’s republican institutions, kidnapping and murder of former Italian Premier Aldo Moro and in the 1980 bombing of the Bologna train station that killed 80 people.”59
Both EIR and other sources mentioned various witnesses’ accounts that Aldo Moro had received death threats from Kissinger if he did not stop working with the communists. Such a testimony came from Aldo Moro’s wife, Eleonora Moro, who described what he told her after having made an official visit to America, in 1974. In 1978, during the process aimed at identifying the ones who killed the former Prime Minister, Moro’s widow said: “I will try and recall the exact words that my husband related to me. He said that Kissinger had warned him heavily: either you stop courting the communists or you will pay dearly for it.”60 In conformity with EIR security study magazine, the fact that Aldo Moro was in various and repeated ways threatened by Henry Kissinger was also confirmed by officials who accompanied the Italian Prime Minister at the formal meetings in US.
Gladio Ties with the Masonic Lodge Propaganda Due
In line with the research conducted by Swiss professor Daniele Ganser, an internal report by the Italian government (derived from an anti-terror brigade investigation) documented that Henry Kissinger (Nixon’s national security adviser) and Alexander Haig (Nixon’s military adviser) “authorized Gelli in the fall of 1969 to recruit 400 high ranking Italian and NATO officers into his Lodge.”61 The report shows that Licio Gelli himself, who had long been the head of Propaganda Due, was recruited in masonry by a CIA agent of Italian origin, Frank Gigliotti, who was a very high-rank member of the Garibaldi62 masonic lodge in New York. From the very beginning, Gigliotti instructed Gelli to establish an anti-communist parallel government in their native country, in close cooperation with the CIA station in Rome. The information in the Italian report was later confirmed in 2009 by new data published by the historians Eric Wilson and Tim Lindsey in the paper Government of the Shadows.63
Also, the prestigious magazine Executive Intelligence Review (EIR) revealed that under Kissinger’s leadership, the Security Council of the United States “relaunched in 1969 the activity of the P-2 lodge” in order “to carry out a subversive shift in Italian politics” and for this, a “strategy of tension”64 was initiated and deployed in Italy between 1970 and 1980, which consisted of systematic terrorist attacks. Licio Gelli has been loud and clearly heard asserting that he is ready to take into consideration a coup in the case of a “communist-clerical” alliance. I recall that precisely this alliance was about to be established by Aldo Moro.
According to the EIR, the 1982 investigation of Italian prosecutors revealed that Propaganda Due lodge planned to take over the power in Italy conquering the institutions “from within” attracting important people from all social domains. In 1979, Licio Gelli founded with American support an extension of P2, Monte Carlo lodge, which later proved to have had Henry Kissinger as a member. The members of these lodges were deeply infiltrated into the Italian government administration, having among them “party secretaries, big industrialists, important politicians and so forth, along with personalities from the Trilateral Commission and of the Masonry.”65
In March 1981, Italian police searched the villa of Propaganda Due head, Licio Gelli, and came across a list of 962 members of the lodge. Since there were many other allegations of related crimes, on September 23, 1981, the Parliament set up the Investigation Committee on the Masonic Lodge P2, which began its activity in early December of the same year. The Committee’s activity, chaired by Tina Anselmi, covered 147 sessions, hearing 198 witnesses, organizing 14 judicial inspection operations and collecting an impressive amount of documents. The investigations found the “obvious” relation between Italian and American masonry: “The evidence of the connection between the American Freemasonry and Giustiniani Palace [headquarter of the Masonic Order of the Grand Orient of Italy] is obvious. The tracking of these ties finds Frank Gigliotti’s presence at particularly important moments in the recent history of relations had by Giustiniani Palace.”66 The data about Frank Gigliotti, the one who initiated in masonry LicioGelli, once again confirms his work within the CIA.
The investigation committee for lodge P2 activities completed its work on July 12, 1984 and concluded that P-2 proceeded in Italy “with massive infiltration in the most important civilian and military centers and exercised a constant pressure on political forces”67 and “this organization (…) embody a threat to the accomplishment of the democratic system.”68 The list of 962 members of the lodge was considered authentic, but since the order number on the list began at 1,600, it was clear that the list was far from being complete.
Regarding the relevance of that list and the importance of Propaganda Due lodge, New York Times reported that P2 was one of the over 520 masonic lodges belonging to the Grand Orient of Italy, the main masonic organization in the country. The lodge had privileged status, being described as “a state within a state.” The list of members included the names of “chiefs of the top four secret services,” but also of many “senior officers and civil servants.”69 Among them there were 52 high-rank Carabinieri police officers, 50 high-rank Italian army officers, 29 high-rank Italian fleet officers, 11 police important commanders, 70 rich and very influential industrialists, 10 bank presidents, 3 ministers in office, 2 former ministers, a political party chairman, 38 MPs and 14 high-rank judges. Besides, mayors, hospital directors, lawyers, notaries, and journalists were listed. To retain a name still present in the current political world: Silvio Berlusconi, who in the period 1994–2011 was three times appointed Prime Minister of Italy.
It has to be underlined that among P-2 members there were all main leaders of armed forces, of the three secret services, as well as heads of several basic branches of the police. Since 1990, parliamentary reports revealed Gladio affair and found that almost all these army, police and secret service heads were also involved in the Gladio’s core network. This is why journalists from The Guardian noted in an article in December 1990 that “Links between Gladio, Italian secret service bosses and the notorious P2 masonic lodge are manifold.”70 As a significant example, the heads of the three secret services of Italy—Generals Santovito (commander of SISMI service), Grassini (commander of SISDE) and Cellosi (commander of CESSIS)—were all members of Propaganda Due lodge, but also important Gladio leaders.
Above all, there were more and more revelations about the fact that the whole coordination was exercised from America. The Italian daily newspaper La Repubblicamade some shocking revelations in July 1990, pointing out that “former CIA agents revealed that P2 was essentially an operative branch of the US secret service in Europe.” This fact was not considered new, as the parliamentary investigation that checked Propaganda Due lodge’s activity came to the same conclusion. The original part came from documents provided by the former CIA contractor, Richard Brenneke, which highlighted people names, company names and current account numbers related to P2 and to illegal drug dealing and weapon trafficking. Brenneke provided Italian journalists with documents—later filed with the Italian prosecutor’s office—with CIA payments to P2, which reached values of 1 to 10 million dollars a month or more. Regarding the destination of the money, Brenneke asserted that “CIA money went to P2 for different purposes, one of which was terrorism. But the P2 also served to get money and drugs out of the United States and to get money and lots of drugs from Italy. We used them to create situations favorable to the explosion of terrorism in Italy and other European countries in the early 1970s.”71
While the CIA, of course, denied even the fact that Brenneke ever worked for the agency, a court in Portland, Oregon, chose to believe Brenneke, despite what CIA agency claimed, agency that, by the way, sued him. The Court found that Richard Brenneke really worked for the CIA. The 12 members of the jury of a federal court voted unanimously in favor of the Brenneke’s version and exonerated him for the five charges. The case was described in detail in Philip Villan’s paper, “The Vatican at War: From Blackfriars Bridge to Buenos Aires.”72
(To be continued)