The Chisinau Manifesto: “Creating the Greater Europe”

13:03, 29 decembrie 2017 | Actual | 310 vizualizări | Nu există niciun comentariu | Autor:

A Geopolitical Draft of a Multipolar World

We, the participants of the International Conference „From Atlantic to Pacific: For a common destiny of the peoples of Eurasia”, intellectuals from Moldova, Romania, Russia, Greece, France, Italy, Serbia, Georgia and Belgium, adopt the following Manifesto:

1. Following the decline and disappearance of the socialist Eastern European bloc at the end of the last century, a new vision of the Old World, especially in its relationships with the USA, became a necessity of great emergency. But the inertia of political thinking and the lack of historical imagination among the political elites of the victorious West have led to a simplistic course: the conceptual basis of the Western-style liberal democracy, the market economy, and the worldwide strategic dominance of the United States became the only solution to emerging challenges. This model, which is claimed to be universal, would imperiously follow to become one valid for all mankind.
2. This new worldview is imposed everywhere: the entire world has to follow the Euro-Atlantic paradigm. An influential neoconservative think tank in the US openly refers to it by using a more appropriate term – the “global empire”. This empire is unipolar and concentric by its very nature. The centre is represented by the “rich North” and the Atlanticist community, which includes outer territories such as the Japanese archipelago, South Korea, New Zealand and Australia. The rest of the world is dismissed as the zone of underdeveloped or developing countries, and is considered peripheral. These countries are destined to move in the same direction, but with a delay.
3. According to this unipolar vision, Europe is seen as the outskirts of America and as a bridgehead of the Anglo-Saxon debouching towards the Eurasian continent. Europe is considered to be part of the rich North, yet it cannot claim to be a leader. Europe, in light of such a project, is perceived as an instrument used by the World-America and not as the subject, and as a geopolitical entity deprived of its autonomous identity and of authentic sovereignty. Most of Europe’s cultural, religious, ethno-historical features, its Greco-Latin heritage and Christian roots are thought of as something passé: everything that was once valued as useful has already been integrated into the global Western project; what is left over is discounted as irrelevant. Under these circumstances Europe becomes geopolitically denuded, deprived of its proper and independent self.
4. The economic crisis has become quasi-permanent and is being accompanied by disastrous austerity policies and inefficient plans that always find their justification in relation to the economic elites who show less and less hidden contempt for peoples and the democratic expression of their will. The absurd fate of Greece and the concentration of Western army and troops on Russia’s borders are both some of the symptoms of this annihilation of Europe and of the lie represented by liberal globalization, which promises peace and prosperity but ultimately brings only war, poverty and instability.
5. It is important to mention that liberal democracy and the free market account for only part of Europe’s contribution to history. There have been other ways of thinking and of organizing politics and societies proposed by great European thinkers, scientists, politicians and artists. The identity of Europe is much wider and deeper than the Anglo-Saxon thinkers present it to us, a caricatural mixture of ultraliberalism and market fetishism.
6. Present-day Europe has its own strategic interests that differ substantially from thalassocratic interests and from the needs of the project of liberal globalization. Thus, the real Europe (which has nothing in common with the soviet of Brussels) cannot be conceived by dictating its policies or options to its neighbours in the South and East.
7. These general considerations lead us, intellectuals from the Eurasian continent deeply concerned about the fate of our common destiny, to the conclusion that we urgently need to build and advocate for an alternative vision of the world that is to come where the place, role and mission of Europe and of the European civilization would be different, greater, better and more secure than it is within the frame of the global empire project, with its all-too-evident features of imperialism.
8. The only feasible alternative under the present circumstances is to be found in the context of a multipolar world. Multipolarity grants the right and freedom to any country or civilization from anywhere in the world to organize itself, to develop and to build their future in accordance with their own cultural and historic identity. This cornerstone of the freedom of evolutionary choices and access to modernity is the only reliable basis for establishing fair and equitable international relations. Technological progress and a growing openness between countries should promote dialogue amongst, and the prosperity of all peoples and nations, but at the same time it should not endanger their respective identities. Differences between great cultures and civilizations do not necessarily have to culminate in an inevitable reciprocal clash, in contrast to the simplistic and questionable logic of some American theorists with imperialistic views such as Bernard Lewis and Samuel Huntington. Dialogue, or rather “polylogue” will be the preeminent vector for creating a new world order based on cooperation and reconciliation among cultures, religions and nations.
9. With regard to Europe, we suggest, as a concrete manifestation of the multipolar approach, a balanced and open vision of a “Greater Europe” as an innovative concept for the future development of our civilization in its strategic, social, cultural, economic, and geopolitical dimensions.
10. Greater Europe will consist of the territory contained within the boundaries that coincide with the limits of European civilization. This kind of boundary is something completely new, as is the concept of the civilization-state. The revolutionary nature of this project presumes a gradual transition, unlike the brutal delimitation suffered by the peoples subjected to arbitrariness by the victors during their sharing of the world. As a result, this Greater Europe, by its political and geopolitical nature, will be open to growing interactions with its Western, Eastern and Southern neighbours.
11. European civilization is historically grounded in Christianity that draws its sap from the grand Greco-Latin legacy. It is Christianity, in its various forms, that has the role of guaranteeing mutual respect and tolerance in the civilizational space of a Greater Europe, the material and spiritual serenity of the various religions present throughout history on the continent.
12. In the general context of a multipolar world, a Greater Europe is conceived as being surrounded by other great territories, each of which base their respective homogeneity and unity on the affinity between the different nations which populate its territory. We can thus predict the eventual appearance of a Greater North America, a Greater Eurasia, a Greater Pacific Asia and, in the more distant future, a Greater South America and a Greater Africa.
13. We imagine this Greater Europe as a sovereign geopolitical power, with its own strong cultural identity, with its own social and political options based on the principles of the European democratic tradition and the moral values of Christianity, with its own defensive capabilities (including nuclear weapons), and with its own strategic access to fossil and renewable energy resources, as well as to mineral and organic resources. It is from this perspective that we call on the European states, members of NATO (an aggressive coalition of Anglo-Saxon and non-European essence), to leave the alliance. This means leaving in order to enter into (to meet national and international security needs) bilateral or trilateral alliances with France and Russia, which are the historic military guarantors of European independence. We also call on Greater Europe to fully re-establish its sovereign right to issue currency, which requires all States in our region to withdraw from all treaties or international organizations that limit their sovereignty in the monetary field.
14. The first threat that we have to face is that of the uniformization of the world, which involves the unwritten law of unlimited growth, unleashed avidity, and crime against the independence of peoples as a way of routine exploitation of financial predators. It is time to make a general call again to all non-aligned countries for a new Bandung Conference, aiming at creating a multipolar world.
15. Currently, private businesses and public institutions face an obligation to comply with coercive rules designed to undermine national sovereignty and the will of peoples. We must establish, legislate, and proclaim for all humanity the ensemble of non-coercive rules whose conception will be based only on the general principle of conformity with national identity, law, traditions, and collective choice of each nation.
16. The more the financial system and the global markets are integrated, unified and subjected to the same rules, the more destructive the future global crisis will be. In order to avoid massive destruction of wealth and a complete collapse of human activity, the safest method is to build an organization of markets, of compensation and regulation systems, and of information systems outside the Anglo-Saxon world finances, the dollar-god and of the banking network of the major finances, the epicentre of which is in Basel, within the Bank for International Settlements. The Shanghai Treaty Organization and other similar international bodies are invited to develop the basis of a genuine multipolar, efficient and stable system for financing, trade, goods, services and financial assets.
17. In order to promote our project of a Greater Europe and the multipolarity concept, we appeal to all the various political forces from Western and Eastern European nations, as well as to the Russians, the Americans, the Asians, and others to reach beyond their usual political options, and beyond their cultural and religious differences, to actively support our initiative. We call for the creation of Committees for a Greater Europe. These organizations must reject unipolarity and recognize the growing danger of Anglo-Saxon imperialism, and in the case of extra-European committees, elaborate a similar concept for other civilizations that make up Mankind. If we work together, strongly affirming each of our different identities, we will be able to create a balanced, just, and a better world, a Greater World where any culture, society, faith, tradition, or act of human creativity will find its proper and rightful place.

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27th May 2017

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